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Pyrex Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science (PJVMAS)

August 2016 Vol. 1(2), pp.7-10

ISSN: 2985-881X

Copyright 2016 Pyrex Journals




Full length Research Paper


Survey on Prevalence of Haemoparasites of Trade Camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Maiduguri; Nigeria


Y. Wakil1*, J. R. Lawal1, Y. A. Gazali2, F. B. Mustapha3, A. M. Bello1, E. S. Mshelia1 and A. M. Ayomikun1

1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
2Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
3Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P M B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author E-mail: rabanajallailudeen@yahoo.com

Accepted 28th July, 2016



Abstract


In an attempt to evaluate the prevalence of haemoparasites in trade camels (Camelus dromedarius) slaughtered at the Maiduguri abattoir, whole blood samples were collected and tested. Out of 202 total blood samples collected and examined microscopically for the presence of one or more haemoparasite species an overall prevalence rate of 60.4% was found in Maiduguri. Babesia species 49(24.3%) were found to be more prevalent, followed by Anaplasma species 41(20.3%) and Trypanosoma species 32(15.8%) respectively. Considering the risk factors associated with prevalence of haemoparasites in camels in the study area, higher prevalence was found in female camels 73(36.1%) than the male camels 49(24.3%), although there was no significant statistical difference in prevalence rate amongst the sexes. However, haemoparasitic infection was found to be more frequent in camels during the rainy season 82(40.6%) as compared to dry season 40(19.8%), there was a statistical significant difference (p < 0.0001) between the prevalent rates among the season. It was therefore concluded that there is a high prevalence of haemoparasitic infections in trade camel which may constitute a major health and economic problem in the camel production; therefore there is a need for routine vaccination and periodic medication against haemoparasitic infections of camels in the Arid and Semiarid Northeastern Nigeria.

Keywords: Prevalence, haemoparasites, Trade camels (Camelus dromedarius), Maiduguri, Northeastern Nigeria.

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