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Pyrex Journal of Research in Environmental Studies (PJRES)

September 2016 Vol. 3(4), pp. 42-48

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Full Length Research Paper


The analyses of heavy metal concentrations in soil, waste water and Raphanus sativus (L.) at three different growth stages


Imran Khan1*, Abdul Ghani2, Abd-Ur-Rehman1, Samrah Afzal Awan1, Hina Jawed1 and Rahimullah Gul1

1Department of Botany, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
2Department of Botany University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.

Corresponding Author E-mail: friendsstrength4@gmail.com

Accepted 21st July, 2016



Abstract


The recent experiment was conducted for the comparison of the heavy metal concentrations in soil, sewage water and in Raphanus sativus (L.) at three different growth stages, irrigated with municipal wastewater of Rawalpindi city. Field surveys were carried out. Three experimental sites, Shamsabad road, Nala lai and Liaqat Bagh road were selected in Rawalpindi during this survey. Water, soil and vegetable (Raphanus sativus L.) samples were collected from all these sites. The collected samples were analyzed following the standard procedures for heavy metals like, Copper (Cu), Chromium (Cr), Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Nickel (Ni), Zinc (Zn), Cobalt (Co), Arsenic (As), Manganese (Mn), Iron (Fe), Magnesium (Mg) and Molybdenum (Mo). The survey data showed significant variations between heavy metals concentrations in water, soil and vegetable (Raphanus sativus L.) samples at three different growth stages.

Keywords: Municipal, variation, experimental, significant, heavy metals.

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