Pyrex Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (PJPP)

December 2017 Vol. 2(1), pp. 1-4

Copyright 2017 Pyrex Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of Leech Salivary Extract (Lse) on Indices of Kidney Function in Rats, For Safe Application in Clinical Medicine

Ojo Olufunmilola Praise1, Hausatu Babayi1*, Labake Fadikpe Ajoke1, Israel Kayode Olayemi1, Elisha Baba2 and Oladosun Oluwale Peter3

1Department Of Microbiology, Federal University Of Technology Minna, Niger, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.
2National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Development, Idu-Abuja, Nigeria.
3Department of Microbiology, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Development, Idu-Abuja, Nigeria

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Accepted 1st December, 2017


Sub-chronic toxicity test of LSE was carried out by oral administration of 25, 50 and 100mg/kgbw to healthy wister rats (Rattus novergicus) for 28 days, with appropriate immune suppressant (Dexamethasone) and immune stimulant (Jobelyn) and negative controls. Blood samples were collected from the rats and analysed for metabolite parameters including, Sodium (Na), Chloride (Cl), Potassium (K), urea and Creatinine, following standard procedures. Histopathological examination of kidney harvested from the rats, post sacrifice, involved grossing and tissue processing. The results showed that sub-chronic tests even at high concentration (100mg/kgbw) did not cause mortality nor elicited behavioral aberrations in rats. LSE had no significant (p>0.05) effect on concentrations of Na (range = 115.608.29 to 135.803.24mmol/L) and K (7.200.20 to 8.481.10mmol/L). However, Chloride, Urea and Creatinine significantly (p<0.05) increased from control concentration of 82.405.53 to 133.606.40mmol/L, 12.091.41 to 25.54.20mmol/L and 2.250.49 to 2.840.72mmol/L, respectively, at 50mg/kgbw of LSE, where significant peak concentrations were attained. The histopathological examination of kidney of rats showed a dose dependent moderate tubule-intestinal inflammation with congestion of the renal vessels. The findings of this study clearly indicated the potential physiological hazards inherent in LSE and should guide its refinement and applications in clinical conditions.

Keywords: Blood metabolites, Creatinine, Histopathology, Sub-chronic toxicity and wister rats.

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