SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Pyrex Journal of Plant and Agricultural Research (PJPAR)

September 2016 Vol. 2(2), pp. 44-53

Copyright 2016 Pyrex Journals




Full Length Research Paper


Arctium Lappa L. (Asteraceae); a New Invasive Highly Specific Medicinal Plant Growing in Egypt


Salama M. El-Darier1* and Shaimaa G. Salama2

1Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
2Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Damanhour University, Damanhour, Egypt.

Corresponding Author E-mail: salama_eldarier@yahoo.com

Accepted 1st September, 2016



Abstract


This paper describes the botanical features of Arctium lappa L. (burdock, Asteraceae), its wide diversity of chemical constituents, its use in traditional medicine as remedies for numerous health problems and its biological activities. The plant has been used traditionally as anticancer, antimicrobial and antiviral, antiallergic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antioxidant, cardiovascular, cytotoxic, bronchorelaxant, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and a detoxifying agent. Phytochemical screening for leaves and fruits of the study species has shown that it is rich in phenolic, organic acids, and volatile compounds. Reports on the biological activities of the species are mainly on its crude extracts which have been proven to possess many biological activities. The present review will designed to highlight the botanical description, distribution, chemical constituents and the pharmacological effects of A. lappa. Thus, studies related to identification of the bioactive compounds and correlating them to their biological activities are very useful for further research to explore the potential of A. lappa as a source of therapeutic agents.

Keywords: Arctium lappa, Distribution, Botanical description, Active constituents, Pharmacological effects.

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