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Pyrex Journal of Nursing and Midwifery (PJNM)

January 2017 Vol.3 (1), pp. 1-9

ISSN: 2985-878X

Copyright 2017 Pyrex Journals




Full Length Research Paper


Effect of Health Educational Program on Nurses Knowledge and practice Regarding Infection Control in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Pediatric Hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan-2015


Suhair S Mohmmed1* and Kalthoum Ibrahim Yousif2



1Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Department of Pediatric Nursing, Hafar Albatin University, Saudi Arabia.
2Faculty of Nursing, National Ribat University, Department of Medical Surgical, Khartoum, Sudan.

Corresponding Author E-mail: suhairsalah8@gmail.com

Accepted 4th January, 2017



Abstract


The pathogenic organism and various form of illness they are produce can easily spread in an environment such as neonatal intensive care unit. All newborn infants are especially liable to nosocomial infection because of their intrinsic susceptibility to infection as well as the invasive procedures. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of educational program for nurses knowledge & practice regarding infection control in neonatal intensive care unit in pediatric hospital in Khartoum state in order to reducing morbidity and mortality of newborns by improving the quality of nursing care in neonatal intensive care unit. This was an Intervention study (Quasi-experimental: pre and posttest design). The study was conducted in two pediatric hospitals in Khartoum state, Gaffer Ibn Ouf specialized pediatric hospital and Omdurman Maternity Hospital. The study sample consisted of 61 nurses. Data was collected using a questionnaire (to measure knowledge) and checklist (to measure practice). Data was analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS). There were Significant differences were found in knowledge of nurses between the pretest and posttest (P < 0.05) regarding definition of sterilization(36.1% of the nurses gave correct answer about the definition of sterilization before attendance of the program, while, correct answer was mentioned by 95.1% of them after attendance), disinfectant(29.5% of the nurses gave correct answer about the definition of disinfectant before attendance of the program, while, correct answer was mentioned by 78.7% of them after attendance) and the standard precaution, use of PPE at NICU care the nurses who correctly answered the statements about the standard precaution, use of PPE at NICU care were lower percentages before the program compared to the higher percentages of their answers after the program. The mean value of nurses answers regarding their first statement was (0.640.48) at pretest measurement, which increased at posttest measurement to (0.870.34), with improved knowledge. Also there is significant differences were found regarding correct practices on prevention of infection at NICU care (P < 0.05), with improved practices at posttest than at pretest. Finally educational program had a significant impact related to the improvement of the nurse's knowledge and practical skills post application of the program.

Keywords: Neonatal intensive care unit, infection control, questionnaire, Sudan.

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