SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Pyrex Journal of Nursing and Midwifery (PJNM)

March 2016 Vol. 2(2), pp. 001-006

Copyright 2016 Pyrex Journals




Full Length Research Paper


As I See It: The Cry of the Community Psychiatric Nurse in Ghana


Frederick Yaw Opare1*, Peter Adatara1, Anthony Kuug1, Felix Nyande1, Mabel Avane Apaanye1, Francisca Achaliwie1 and Jerry Paul K Ninnoni2



1Lecturer, Department of Nursing, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.
2Lecturer, Department of Mental Health, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.

Corresponding Author E-mail: fopare@uhas.edu.gh

Accepted 14th March, 2016



Abstract


Background: Community Psychiatric Nurses (CPNs) play a crucial role in the public health delivery system in Ghana. In general, mental health care in Ghana is largely underdeveloped with limited resources, including skilled personnel to improve quality of care. This study sought to explore the needs and challenges of CPNs in the discharge of their duty. Materials and Methods: An exploratory descriptive qualitative design was adopted in this study. A total of thirteen (13) CPNs were purposively sampled and data gathered through semi-structured interviews using an interview guide. Data was analyzed thematically yielding descriptive results of some of the barriers and challenges encountered by CPNs in Ghana. Findings: The major challenges of CPNs included: inadequate logistical support; irregular supply of medications; stigmatization of the CPN; assaults from patients and limited support from families and caregivers leading to relapse of patients. Conclusion: Psychiatric nurses are integral members of the community health delivery team; however, the work of the community psychiatric nurse in Ghana presents a challenge both in terms of personnel and logistics. Furthermore, quality community psychiatric nursing care requires collaboration with other multidisciplinary teams, including the social worker, families and caregiver.

Keywords: Community Psychiatric Nurse, Experience, Challenges, Barriers.

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