Pyrex Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

March 2016 Vol. 3(1), pp. 1-4

ISSN: 2985-8828

Copyright 2016 Pyrex Journals

Case Report

A Report of Personality Disposition and Pentazocine Abuse in Sickle Cell Anemia Patients: A report of two cases

VC Onyencho1*, SK Pindar2, AA Mshelia1, AW Ibrahim2, AM Wakil2 and AG Balogun3

1Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
2Mental Health Department, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
3Department of Pure and Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author E-mail:

Accepted 25th February, 2016.


We analyzed the factors influencing the treatment expenditures incurred by sufferers of Buruli ulcer disease in the Nsawam-Adoagyiri Municipality in the Eastern Region of Ghana using a random sampling survey. The factors analyzed in the study included the information about the disease available to the sufferers related to time and the stage of the disease that sufferers reported the disease to health clinics and hospitals. We showed that the factors that significantly influenced treatment expenditures included the income of the sufferer, early reporting of the disease to clinics, and the employment status of the sufferer. Higher-income people spent more money to treat the disease than those with lower incomes. People who were unemployed spent relatively money in treating the disease as compared to those who were employed. With increasing incomes, sufferers who reported the disease to clinics in the early stages of the disease, incurred relatively less costs compared to those of similar high-income group of sufferers who reported the disease to clinics at the ulcerative stage of the disease.

Keywords: Buruli ulcer, disease perceptions, Ghana, health economics, health expenditures, neglected tropical diseases, preventive medicine.

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