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Pyrex Journal of History and Culture (PJHC)

November 2015 Vol. 1(2), pp. 013-016

Copyright © 2015 Pyrex Journals




Original Research Paper


Reflections on Revolution in Theory and Practice


FN Enor* and J Chime

1Department of History and International Studies, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria. 2Department of Political Science, Enugu State University & Technology, Enugu, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author E-mail: enfrankie@yahoo.com

Accepted 26th October, 2015



Abstract


The term “revolution” means different things to persons. To the social scientist, it refers to some grand change or structural alteration in a society as exemplified by the French revolution of 1789, the Russian Revolution of 1917, and the Cuban Revolution of the 1950s. The word revolution has a tendency to erroneously invoke in minds nothing short of the gaining of political power; for instance, during the coup d’etat. The seizure of political power, it should be noted, is a crucial element in the revolution. A political phase is necessary in every revolution because, the class at the helm of affairs still seeks to safeguard the obsolete production relations and the political system which consolidates such relations. A viable revolution, therefore, must seek to crush this obsolete political system to enable the emergence of new political and socioeconomic structure. Thus, the pursuit of political power, in a revolution, is not an end in itself, but a means to an end, a means of the structural transformation of the society, which is the reasonable end of all social revolutions. This paper has attempted to examine the role of the political sphere and the transformative imperative of revolutions which makes it different from the political uprisings.

Keywords: Seizure of Political power, Structural transformation, political uprisings, structural change, coup d‟etat.

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