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Pyrex Journal of Geography and Regional Planning (PJGRP)

October 2016 Vol. 2 (3), pp. 33-39

ISSN: 2985-8615

Copyright © 2016 Pyrex Journals




Full Length Research Paper


Causes and Consequences of Forest Clearance in Kwainbana Game Reserve, Zamfara, Nigeria


Sa’adu Mafara ABUBAKAR1*, Muhammad Nuraddeen DANJUMA2 and Salisu MOHAMMED2

1Department of Preliminary Studies, Abdu Gusau Polytechnic, Talata Mafara, Zamfara, Nigeria.
2Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author E-mail: saadumafara2014@gmail.com

Accepted 24th October, 2016



Abstract


Forest clearing is one important human activity that changes the Earth surface globally. Forest clearance is a genesis of many social and physical problems in the Nigeria. It presented a huge consequence because the larger populace depends on forest resources for a livelihood. The aim of the study is to assess the consequences resulting from forest clearance in Kwainbana Game Reserve, Zamfara between 2009 and 2014. There are thirteen communities affected by the recent forest clearance by the government in Kwainbana Game Reserve. Out of the thirteen, this study purposively sampled four communities, i.e Dansadau, Madada, Kwakwaci and Babbadoka due to the high number of reported conflicts in their vicinity. Questionnaire was used to elicit information from three hundred and forty respondents drawn from four study locations of the study area. Pilot testing of the questionnaire was done in Dansadau village. Three hundred and thirty two (representing 97.6 percent of the instrument) was retrieved in two days later. Data was analyzed in Microsoft Excel software. The findings of the study reveal that indicated that the illegal allocation of some portion of the game reserve of the state government in 2002 and commercial fuelwood extraction are the main drivers of forest clearance in the study area. This study also found out the following: Dansadau and Kwakwaci villages are the main flash points of conflicts among farmers, herdsmen, loggers and community members, year 2011 and 2012 recorded the highest number of conflicts while 2014 recorded that least and close to a quarter of the respondents (340) were affected directly by the conflicts. Seven lives were lost in Madada village as a result of the conflicts between 2009 and 2014 and many injuries were recorded in all study villages. The Direct impact is reported high in the Dansadau village (22 respondents) and Kwakwaci village due to proximity to deforestation areas. This study recommended that public policies should consider people and the importance of participation in programs that will reform the forest and ensure rapid replacement of already destroyed vegetation.

Keywords: Forest clearance, deforestation, conflicts, Kwainbana Game Reserve, Zamfara, Nigeria.

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