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Pyrex Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene (PJDOH)

June 2016 Vol. 2(1), pp. 1-6

Copyright 2016 Pyrex Journals




Full Length Research Paper


Pattern of Smokeless Tobacco Use among the Women in Old Dhaka


AE Noor1, J Begum2, AI Khan3, N Amin4, TG Chowdhury5, TM Shanta6

1Dr. Ashek Elahi Noor, BDS, MPH, Lecturer, Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sapporo Dental College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
2Dr. Jahanara Begum, MBBS, MPH (HE) (DU), Assistant Professor & Head, Dept. of Health Education, NIPSOM, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
3Dr. Asif Iqbal Khan, Associate Professor & Head Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, Sapporo Dental College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
4Prof. Dr. Nurul Amin, Professor and Head Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sapporo Dental College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
5Dr. Tazdik G. Chowdhury, Assistant Professor & Head Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, Update Dental College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
6Dr. Tazrin Mustari Shanta, Oral & Dental Surgeon, Sapporo Dental College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Corresponding Author E-mail: rajet.elahi@gmail.com

Accepted 27th June, 2016



Abstract


This descriptive type of cross sectional study was carried out to find out the pattern of smokeless tobacco use among the women in old Dhaka, during April to June 2012.A total of 105 women using smokeless tobacco were selected by purposive sampling technique. Data was collected by a structured pretested questionnaire by face to face interview. A total of 105 respondents reported smokeless tobacco consumption. Among them smokeless tobacco use was 36.2% in the age group of 31-40 years. Most of the smokeless tobacco users 73.3% were illiterate. Regular use of smokeless tobacco was 74.3% and occasional use was 25.7%. About 63% were house wives and 41.9 % user had monthly family income of Taka 5000-10000. Among them 45.3% used zarda, 27.2% used Kahini, 17.1% used sada pata and10.5% used gul. The initiation of smokeless tobacco use was from others members of the family 44.8%. The reason behind using smokeless tobacco was stated as fun by 40% respondents. Almost 68.6 % respondents think smokeless tobacco do not cause any harm in the oral cavity while only 31.4 % stated smokeless tobacco cause harm in the oral cavity. There was significant association between occupation and regular use of smokeless tobacco (p < 0.05). From the study finding it may be concluded that zarda is mostly used by the women as smokeless tobacco which is harmful for general health and oral health as well. Mass media should be involved to address the injurious use of smokeless tobacco on oral health which though known is ignored by the general population.

Keywords: Smokeless tobacco (zarda, kahini, sadapata, gul).

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