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Pyrex Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation(PJBC)

September 2016 Vol. 1(3), pp. 27-34

ISSN: 2985-8844

Copyright 2016 Pyrex Journals




Full Length Research Paper


Sea turtle mortality in fishing gear: a review and Nigerian conservation efforts


Eyo Ambrose1* and Amiye Francis2

1Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Environmental Management, University of Uyo, PMB 1017, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
2Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author E-mail: eyoambrose@yahoo.com

Accepted 14th September, 2016



Abstract


Sea turtles are endangered or threatened ancient reptiles according to IUCN red list. They are protected under the endangered species acts of many countries. Their mortality is incidental to fishing practices, including trawling, gilling, long lining, trapping, seining and entangling. This review quantified the unsustainable problem posed by fishing on the population of sea turtle and options for mitigation. The ban on the export of Nigerian shrimp to US for not using the turtle excluder device in shrimp trawl and the subsequent efforts by Nigerian government to develop local TED with weedless and super shooter grids is highlighted.

Keywords: Incidental mortality, Sea turtle, fishing gear, Endangered.

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