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Pyrex Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation(PJBC)

June 2016 Vol. 1(1), pp. 1-9

ISSN: 2985-8844

Copyright 2016 Pyrex Journals




Full Length Research Paper


Check list of Flora and vegetation of an archeological habitat in North Sudan


Magda Ishag Mohammed Abdelkreem* and Dafaalla Ali Ibrahim

Botany Department, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 321, Khartoum, Sudan.

Corresponding Author E-mail: abdelkreemmagda@gmail.com

Accepted 26th May, 2016



Abstract


The study deals with the ecology and taxonomy of the vegetation of the riprain and terrestrial vegetation at old archaeological site (least 5,500 years ago) in Northern Sudan. Selected habitats in the study area (North-Sudan) have been investigated with a focus on diversity of flora, vegetation abundance, and a descriptive taxonomical study including collection, preparation and, identification. During this survey (Between 2007 and 2014) a total of 133 species of plants were identified, belonging to 42 families occupying different habitats. The islands permit the development of the highest number of plant species due to flood, sufficient moisture content and fertile soil. Riparian and arable lands in the study area are significantly rich in plant species, compared with valleys and desert habitats. The most highly represented families were the Poaceae with 17 species followed by the Mimosaceae with 11 species. A distinct zonal distribution of the plant communities was found The species were exposed to the same geographical conditions, and the environmental conditions in the area with regard to soil type and moisture are suitable for these plants The most important plant species are either major dominant species, like Desmostachya bipinnata and Rhyinchosia minima or endangered and vulnerable, e.g. Acacia nilotica and Sesbain sesban, or rare and threatened species and newly recorded for the area such as Lasiopogon muscoides.

Keywords: Flora, plant diversity, vegetation, abundance, endangered and threatened species.

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